Articles in Ethnic China
on the bai religion: In most of the Bai villages the
religious life turns around the cult to Guanyin and their Benzhu or Local
Lords cults. The cult to Guanyin is mixed with some ancestral feminine
cults, as usually include rituals related with the fertility and the protection
of the children.
Nama Branch of the Bai
The Nama and the Leimo: Both the Nama and the Leimo are considered two branches of the Bai minority, based in their common origin. At the end of the 18th century, the discovery of salt mines in the lands of the Nama, provoked a new migratory wave of Bai people from Dali
celestial ox of the Nama branch: One of the most interesting
beliefs of the Nama is the cult of the celestial ox. The ox is considered
to have the power to prevent disasters...
Bryan Allen.- Bai Dialect Survey- SIL International 2007
primary goal was to determine centres of communication for selected speech
varieties of Bai, that is to say, determine which lects are most widely
understood. A secondary goal was to assess the current definitions of
dialect boundaries by calculating lexical similarity.
Bryan Allen and Silvia Allen.- Mozzarella of the East (Cheese-making and Bai culture): Since Marco Polo omitted cheese from his travel guide to China, we will attempt in this brief article to help modern travellers to Dali.
Cai Kui, Du Juan, Dai Cong and Hu Huabin.- Cultural Relevance for Rural Community Development in China: A Case Study in Bai, Jingpo and Huayaodai Communities of Yunnan Province.
A three-year study over the Bai, Jingpo and Huayaodai communities in Yunnan Province reveals that the community development is significantly influenced in various ways by such cultural factors as the concepts of development; concepts and traditions of inter-community relationships, consumption, marriage and gender; patterns of decision-making and production, resource and income allocation; as well as the role of information dissemination systems, religion and ritual.
Mark Elvin, Darren Crook, Shen Ji , Richard Jones, and John Dearing.- The impact of clearance and irrigation on the environment in the Lake erhai catchment from the ninth to the nineteenth century.
Differences in microenvironmentsdefined by geology, geomorphology, and hydrologyled to major differences in the nature of the environmental problems created by economic development in different parts of the Erhai catchment in southwestern China during the premodern period
In the few ethnographies of the Bai, a minority nationality of southwest China, the Gwer Sa La festival immediately draws readers' attention for its "unseemly" customs. It is "unseemly" because men and women will meet in the wild, singing love songs and performing "eccentric" dances.
James A. Matisoff.- On the Genetic Position of Bai within Tibeto-Burman:
views as to the genetic affiliations of Bai: (a) that it belongs with
Chinese in a branch of ST called "Sinitic", to be set off from
TB proper. (b) that it is a member of the Lolo-Burmese subgroup; (c) that
Baic constitutes a separate co-equal subgroup of TB that has undergone
exceptionally intense Chinese influence.
This article contrasts Chinese government support for the minority cultural revival among the Bai and Dai in Yunnan Province, with a crackdown on religious expression in Beijing. Inconsistencies in the state's behaviour in these cases might be attributed to arbitrary decision-making, or to "internal orientalism".
In addition to their Azhali Buddhism, the Bai also propitiate local folk deities known as Benzhu, or "village lords," that function within society in ways similar to but in some ways intriguingly different from popular gods in Han Chinese communities. A village's primary Benzhu may have spouse and family (and some of the primary village Benzhu are female), and most often his (or her) identity is explained on the basis of a mythico-historical story of local significance
The Bai language in Yunnan presents some interesting challenges for Chinese historical linguistics. It is sometimes considered to be a Tibeto-Burman language infiltrated by several strata of Chinese loanwords.
It originally meant visiting the three public houses in the ancient times. The so-called Sanling referred to the three gods on the west bank of Erhai, who were several community gods worshipped by the Bai people as well as the Buddhist deities introduced into the area.
Smith.- Constructing Identities: Tensions in Defining Naxi/Mosuo and Bai/Yi
some groups do receive a great deal of provincial and national
subsidization to re-establish cultural educational centers and religious
The Discourse of Tourism Development in the Construction of a Bai Cultural
and Historical City.
Chinese Bibliography of the Bai: Some books in Chinese about the Bai nationality.
Ethnic China photo exhibitions
Dali by night. Pedro Ceinos Arcones. 2011
The Old city of Dali is the main urban center of the Dali people. Centuries of Chinese influences and decades of tourism changes contributed to give this city an original air. During 2011 I visited Dali several times, at night the city transform itself giving a new atmosphere to residents and visitors. Here are some glimpses of the mystery of Dali night.
Taizi hui (Prince Festival) in Shaxi. Ji Ying, 2011
Every year, on the 8th of the second lunar month, the Bai people living in Shaxi, held the Prince Festival (Taizi hui). This is their main festival round the year. This day, in a joyful environment, nobody works. After praying in their Benzhu Temple, the children are dressed up in traditional clothes and paraded in carts or bicycles.
Films about the Bai Nationality
Bai Nationality in the art
to Bai Nationality lands