Beichuan County

 

Beichuan County is now completely destroyed. The strong earthquake that hit this region on May 12th, 2008 brought an unimaginable wave of destruction to the people of Beichuan.

Ten days after the earthquake the news talk about the need to rebuild the county seat in a new place, as the old site is completely destroyed. Uncountable villages have also disappeared, buried under tons of rocks or fragments of big mountains that fell as consequence of the earthquake. Tens of thousand of the former inhabitants of Beichuan are already dead, many more are wounded and almost all the former inhabitants of the county, have lost their homes.

The basic characteristics and ethnic distribution of Beichuan that we show in the following paragraphs are now history; they do not correspond anymore to any real fact. It is impossible to imagine how will be Beichuan County in the future.

Beichuan County was one the four counties were the Qiang nationality lived in compact communities. With a land area of 2863 square kilometers and a population (in 1987) of 152,422 inhabitants, including mainly Qiang and Tibetan nationalities in the mountains and Han Chinese in the lowlands.

It has more than 22 autonomous townships, the places where people belonging to the Qiang and Tibetan nationalities were the majority of the population with some Hui, Yi and Miao peoples living among them:

Aoshang Qiang Nationality Township, where a 78,4% of the population (2,933 in 1987) belonged to the Qiang nationality.

Badi Township, with a 67% of Qiang, Tibetan, Hui, and Miao population.

Baini Qiang Nationality Township, where a 69,7% of the population (2,369 in 1984) belonged to the Qiang nationality.

Baishen Township, with a 81% of Qiang and Tibetan.

Chenjiaba Township, with a 49% of Qiang.

Duba Qiang Nationality Township, where a 45,85% of the population (2,870 in 1984) belonged to the Qiang, Tibetan and Zhuang nationalities.

Duguan Qiang Nationality Township, where a 54,% of the population (6,612 in 1995) belonged to the Qiang nationality.

Guanling Qiang Nationality Township, where a 54,3% of the population (2,022 in 1987) belonged to the Qiang nationality.

Kaiping Township, with a 56% of Qiang and Tibetan.

Jinfeng Township, with a 47,8% of Qiang.

Mazao Qiang Nationality Township, where a 85,9% of the population (2,331 in 1984) belonged to the Qiang and Tibetan nationalities.

Nanhua, with a 80% of Qiang and Miao people.

Piankou Qiang Nationality Township, where a 62,9% of the population (6,555 in 1984) belonged to different national minorities.

Qingpian Qiang and Tibetan Nationalities Township, where a 94,% of the population (2,630 in 1984) belonged to the Qiang and Tibetan nationalities.

Qinshi, with a 45% of Qiang, Tibetan and Yi people.

Taihong Township, with a 62% of Qiang.

Taolong Township, with a 73,37 % of Qiang and Tibetan.

Waibai Township, with a 73% of Qiang and Tibetan.

Xiaoba Qiang and Tibetan Nationalities Township, where a 60,7% of the population (7,979 in 1984) belonged to the Qiang and Tibetan nationalities.

Xiaoyuan Township, with a 51% of Qiang and Tibetan.

Youping Qiang Nationality Township, where a 57,7% of the population (4,871 in 1984) belonged to the Qiang and Tibetan nationalities.

Yuli Qiang Nationality Township, where a 47,5% of the population (2,905 in 1987) belonged to the Qiang nationality.

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