Ethnic Lincang Prefecture

 

In the southwest of Yunnan Province Lincang Prefecture has an area of 24,500 square kilometers and a population of 2,2 millions, of them about 800,000 belong to one of the twelve national minorities inhabiting Lincang.

A prefecture in the border with Myanmar is full of mountains and bad communicated.

It has the following counties:

- Cangyuan Wa Autonomous County.
- Shuangjiang Lahu, Wa, Bulang and Dai Autonomous County.
- Gengma Dai and Wa Autonomous County.
- Yunxian County
- Fengqing County.
- Yongde County.
- Lincang County
- Zhenkai County
The Wa nationality (pop: 216,000) is the most famous of those living in Lincang. They inhabit mainly Cangyuan Wa Autonomous County, and Gengma and Shuanjiang Counties.

The Bulang (pop: 31,000) also have many groups living in Lincang, they call themselves: A Jia, A Wu, Aerwo, and Awo. Most of the Bulang are concentrated in Shuangjiang Lahu, Wa and Bulang Automous County. Of the two big dialects spoken by the Bulang (Bulang and Wu) most of the Bulang in Lincang speak Wu dialect.

The 320,000 Yi inhabit mainly Yunxian, Fengqing and Yongde counties. The main branches of the Yi living in Lincang are:
- Luoluo -
- Naluo or Lalupo
- Misapo (called Menghua by the Han)
- Limi.

Dai nationality live in Shuanjiang and Lincang counties. With a population of 100,000, its main branches in Lincang Prefecture are:

- Dai Leng
- Dai De
- Dai Lai

The 76,000 Lahu are distributed in Shuangjiang and Lincang counties. They refer to themselves as:

Lahu na
Lahuxi
Lahupu

There are also some peoples before considered Kucong and Laomian included as Lahu nowadays.

There are some Deang people living in Lincang, most of them in Zhankai and Gengma counties. They call themselves Ang that means "cave", as according to their myths they were born from a cave.


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