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The Jino (Jinuo)

Population: 21,000

Localization: Yunnan Province, Xishuangbanna Prefecture, Jinghong City, Mengyang Township.

The Jino people is one of the smallest and less studied recognized national minorities in China. Living for centuries in the mountains near the Laos border they developed a complex culture that allowed them to survive in a difficult environment and to preserve an heritage that points out to both their relationship with Han dynasty China and with matriarchal peoples of Northwest Yunnan.

Basic Facts about Jino Culture

Introductory Articles in Ethnic China

Introducing the Jino: Most of their cultural characteristics are disappearing quickly. Now they only wear their elaborated dress on their main festivals.

History of the Jino: The Jino think that the world was created by a goddess called Amoyaobai. Each branch of the Jino is considered to be originated by a female ancestor

Love among the Jino: The young Jino enjoy sexual freedom before the marriage. In some villages, they build houses where the single young of both sexes spend the night.

60 shadows of matriarchy among the Jino. Quotes from the book: China’s last but one matriarchy: The Jino of Yunnan.Pedro Ceinos Arcones. 2013)

Academic Materials about the Jino

Wang Jieru.- Changing Hidden Ethnic Relationship under Non-Timber Forest Products Flow in Transition to Market Economy: Case from Jinuo Community, Southern Yunnan Province, China.

Relying on rich natural resources, Jinuo people practiced shifting cultivation and non-timber forest products (NTFPs) collection for their livelihood. They have significant experience in NTFPs collection and management and have evolved their own unique indigenous knowledge system based on local natural resources and the environment. According to the primary ethno botanical research into the Jinu community, 252 plant species of NTFPs were recorded... "Laogan " is a kind of social network besides its function as a necessary product flow between upland and lowland for their livelihood since it functions as friendship sharing, information exchange and economic cooperation. It is typical symbol to present the ethnic relationship between the Jinuo and the Dai.

Hayashi, Norihiko.- The Historical Development of Youle Jino. Senri Ethnological Studies 75: 255–280. 2009.

Jino has two main dialects, namely Youle and Buyuan. It is said that ninety percent of the speakers speaks Youle and the remainder Buyuan (Gai 1986). This paper is a preliminary study of the historical development of Youle Jino and is mainly accomplished through comparison with Lolo-Burmese (LB) languages and Proto- Tibeto-Burman (PTB)/ Proto-Lolo-Burmese (PLB) forms.

Lu Xing and Kang Xiaofeng.- Basic Information of Jinuo Minority and Baya Village, Jinuo Township, Jinghong County.

Baya village is one of the largest and oldest villages in Jinuo Township. It has been the largest population village. A lot of traditional culture is reserved there. Since the establishment of People's Republic of China there are many great changes occurred in Baya village.

Books and references

Bibliographic materials

China's last but one matriarchy. First 30 pages of this book.

Basic Bibliography of the Jino: More than 30 references and some quotations from them regarding the Jino nationality, one of the less known nationalities in China.

Chinese Bibliography of the Jino

Free Thesis and Dissertations

Cai Kui .- Changes in land use in response to socio-economic changes in Xishuangbanna, People's Republic of China

Comparatively Dai people cultivate more intensive on paddy land than the other two ethnic groups, Hani and Jinuo villagers produce more subsistence crops on upland than Dai; and deforestation is most serious in the Hani village than in those of Dai and Jinuo. The evidence shows that the great differences in traditional land use among Dai, Jinuo and Hani have gradually disappeared.

The Jino in the Art, art of the Jino

Photo Exhibitions

Ethnic China photo exhibitions
Some Photo exhibitions


Jino music

Films and Video

Documentary Films about the Jino
Available dvds and vcds about the Jino
Image of the the Jino in the cinema


The Jino in the art
Art Exhibitions


Travel to Jino lands: Some basic information about the best way and time to visit the Jino nationality.

jino book
Book about the Jino
jino elder
A Jino elder
jino grandma
Jino grandma and grandson
jino women
Jino Women in traditional dress

General -Achang - Bai - Baima - Baoan - Bulang - Buyang - Buyi - Chashan - Dai - Daur - Deang - Deng - Dong - Dongxiang - Dulong - Ersu - Ewenki - Gejia -Gelao - Hani - Hezhe - Jingpo - Jino - Kucong - Lahu - Lhoba - Li - Lisu - Manchu - Maonan - Miao - Mongols - Moso - Mulao - Namzi - Naxi - Nu - Oroqen - Pumi - Qiang - Sani - She - Shui - Talu - Tibetan - Tu - Tujia - Uygur - Wa - Xibe - Yao - Yi - Zhuang