Facts about Lahu Culture
Articles in Ethnic China
Lahu: They still preserve in his cultural, social
and religious life, numerous remains of the gender equality
history: From the women's kingdoms to the continuous
"History of the Lahu" reevaluated: every
political action has a political purpose, and the results of academic
works politically motivated must be deconstructed to separate the real
facts from the political constructions.
and snake in Lahu symbolic universe: They have
several myths that remember the contributions of dogs to human welfare.
myth of the Lahu: Creating Heaven, creating earth
tries to provide a mythic explanation to the world where the Lahu people
inhabits. To doing so the main episodes of the process of creation, creation
of heaven and earth, sun and moon, and human beings.
Materials about the Lahu
Richard Cook. PTB and PLB reconstructions noted in The Dictionary of Lahu (Matisoff 1998)
A. Matisoff.- Syntactic
Parallelism and Morphological Elaboration in Lahu Religious Poetry.
as a compensation for the homophony problem caused by the monosyllabicity
of its morphemes, Lahu makes extensive use of compounding, adding phonological
bulk to words by hitching extra syllables onto their roots. Elaborate expressions are freely sprinkled into ordinary Lahu conversation, but they are
especially characteristic of the archaic ritual language used in animist prayers,
A. Matisoff.. Areas and universal dimensions of Grammatization in Lahu.
A. Matisoff. The cognate noun/verb construction in Lahu.
Mythology and religion
Sombat Boonkamyeung.- The
Lahu Symbolic Universe and Reconstruction of Ethnic Identity.
Lahu Nyi (Musue Daeng) is an ethnic group that has its own unique ritual
forms and symbolic instruments regarding their religious beliefs... in
the last decade, Lahu Nyi have mounted revitalizing movement by building
haw yeh (village religious hall), appointing religious leaders to teach,
and revitalizing customs, beliefs, and practices in everyday life.
Jaquetta Hill, Nannaphat Saenghong, and
Kate Grim-Feinberg. Dance or Change Your Religion: Conservation of Dance Music “Awhui” and Ethnic Identity Among Lahu Na Shehleh of Northern Thailand.
The central place of dance and music for LSN culture is clearly signaled by the political geography of the village. Every village has an earthen dance circle surrounded by a fence and each dance circle is the emblem signaling the existence of a separate religio-political unit.
Nishimoto.- The Religion of
the Lahu Nyi (Red Lahu) in Northern Thailand: General Description with
majority of the Lahu Nyi are still followers of what is considered, both
by outside observers and the people themselves, their "traditional
and Ambiguous ldentity among the Lahu of North Thailand: Legends and the
Loss of Letters
study takes up the case of the Lahu of northem Thailand and explores the
classification and categorization of the world by the Lahu as opposed
to lowlanders and more over by two Lahu groups with different religious
interest. This study assumes that the Lahu perception of the world is
reflected in the myths or stores told by them.
R. Walker.- Cultural
Exchange in Southwest China: The Mahoeyoenist Movement among Lahu Mountain
People in Southwestern Yunnan
for Lahu "religious" culture (in so far as the term "religion"
presumes a major divide between sacred and secular worlds, is not in the
Lahu context a particularly useful one), the indigenous situation, asalready
observed, is one common throughout the greater Southeast Asia region.
R. Walker.- Shi-
Nyi Lon: Great merit days among the Lahu Nyi (Red Lahu) of North Thailand. ( Asian Folklore Studies, Vol. 43, 1984, 275-302.)
This article describes three major ritual occasions in the annual ceremonial
cycle of the Lahu Nyi, or Red Lahu ...through ritual, these Lahu Nyi villagers
reaffirm their village-wide communal
identity and so modify, to some degree, the intense household orientation
of everyday life.
R. Walker.- Sha-
LaA Te Ve: The Building of a Merit Shelter Among the Lahu Nyi (Red Lahu)
of the Northern Thai Uplands. (Asian Folklore Studies, Vol. 44,
this article I examine an important ritual event which follows immediately
after at least one, and sometimes all, of these shi- nyi lon-. This is
the construction of a rest shelter along the pathway to a Lahu Nyi village.
History and Culture
Study on the Culture of the Dance of Lahu Nationality.
folk dance of Lahu traces back long into the past. Its coming into being,
evolution and development are closely related to its centuries-old cultural
tradition. The widely popularized dances include "the Lusheng Dance"
Tatsuki Kataoka.- The formation of ethnic and national identity: a case study of the Lahu in Thailand
paper intends to examine two aspects of the issue. First, I will take
the Thai intellectuals arguments on the local wisdom of the
hill tribes into account. Then I will consider different views of
alternative knowledge as shown by the hill tribes themselves
in the process of socio-cultural change.
Knowledge Constructed by the State: Reinterpreting Myths and Imagining
the Migration History of the Lahu in Yunnan, Southwest China.
Asian Ethnology Volume 68, Number 1 o 2009, 111-129
study aims to question such presumptions of locality by investigating
how official history was disseminated locally and how it was reinterpreted
and represented by Lahu communities as local knowledge for ethnographic
research. Therefore, books on Chinese minority nationalities that were
published thereafter all state that the Lahu in Yunnan came from the Qinghai
area; "Lahu" in the Lahu language literally means "the
hunter of tigers." The knowledge that "the Lahu came from Qinghai
and were tiger hunters" has thus become firmly established in intellectual
circles and is widely accepted in China. However, as a result of research
conducted on the genes of the Lahu people in Lancang County, there are
rather conflicting ideas as to the origins of the Lahu. The results of
fifty-five sample cases revealed that their genes showed no evidence that
they came from the north. In other words, genetically speaking, the Lahu
should be a group that originated in the south.
Jianxiong.- Marriage and land property: bilateral non-lineal kinship and communal authority of the Lahu on the southwest Yunnan frontier, China
Power relationships or communal authority over the bilateral non-lineal
system correlate closely with E Sha belief and land property
redistribution, because all Lahu couples are equal due to the ideology
of gender equality and the neat bilateral descent from the upper generation.
Irrigated rice farming in the valley and on mountainsides has set
the environmental conditions for the source of communal authority over
the kinship network, aside from the frontier’s history.
Jianxiong.- Shaping of the Yunnan-Burma frontier by secret societies since the end of the 17th century
After the Sino-Burma wars monks of the Big Vehicle Religion established a Five Buddha District system among the Lahu and some Wa villages in western Mekong River, until the system was destroyed by the Qing government in 1880s. The monks became the leaders of the Luohei/Lahu through millenarianism and many Han immigrants also became involved in the movements to become the Lahu or the Wa. The monks performed critical roles as social activists in Lahu cultural reconstruction
for Societies in Balance: A Cross-Cultural Perspective on Gender Equality
Shanshan Du. Lahu:
The Cultural Logic that Identifies “Two” as “One”
The Lahu “pair” is both one conjoined entity and two distinguishable entities. In this sense, one is two, and two are one. Importantly, the one paired entity tends to outshine the two distinguishable entities, as reflected in Cal Thid’s identification of Xeul Sha when he was obliged to choose between one and two. It is this dyadic principle that integrates the Lahu worldview, which revolves around the cosmological ideal: “Everything comes in pairs.”
Walker.- The divisions of the Lahu People.
recognize among themselves many sub-groups or divisions, e.g. Lahu Na
(Black Lahu), Lahu Shi (Yellow), Lahu Nyi (Red), Lahu Hpu (White) and
Lahu Sheh Le (meaning unknown) to mention only the better-known.
Lahu in the present world
Choocharoen, Pornchai Preechapanya and Andreas Neef.- Palong
and Black Lahu Ecological Knowledge of the Sustainability of Forest Watershed
Management and Agroforestry Ecosystems
For decades, land use practices of ethnic minority people
in the uplands of northern Thailand have been blamed by many scientists
and policy-makers as being unsustainable and causing degradation of natural
forests and watershed functions.
Kesmanee and Kulawadee Charoensri.- Case
study on the effects of tourism on culture and the environment. Thailand.
of a large number of tourists of different background on a historic monument
or site and location of tourist facilities on the cultural heritage sites
have often resulted not only in altering of the original.
Lynn Larsen. Education for Lahu and Akha Slum children: benefits and barriers. 2002.
Educational opportunities such as Thai literacy are mportant for this population becuase they can help children escape life in poverty or in slums.
of the People? A Case Study of Lahu Opium Addicts
can be no doubt that the principal reason why people smoke is not only
that opium is available but that a general sense of malaise and hopelessness
pervades much of the highland world. Broad structural issues that define
their precarious position in wider society exert an overall negative influence
on their daily existence.
Chaninthon Sawanaphakdi.- The
Thai naturalization of the Lahu people in Chiang Rai province 2003
study aims to find out the process and problems occurred in the status
categorization process of Lahu people in Chiang Rai province as case study,
Discourse Features of Lahu Si Folk Narrative
object of this thesis is to apply these discourse features to four Lahu
Si texts. Each of these texts are animal folk narratives elicited from
native Lahu Si speakers in the Chiang Rai province of Northern Thailand.
The goal of this thesis is to look broadly at several different aspects
of discourse analysis of Lahu Si.
of Discourse Cohesion in Lahu si folk tales. 2009
discourse is a connected speech which contains sufficiently clear and
specific cultural elements that tie it together into a unified whole.
Thus, cohesion is the primary means to make a discourse coherent or allow
it to make sense by using different types of grammatical devices.
Pine.- Lahu Writing and Writing Lahu: An inquiry into the value of
literacy. University of Washington. 2002
dissertation explores the concept of 'literacy' as it is constructed in
discourses within Thailand, in international contexts, and in anthropological
theory, illustrating the impact of this construction on those who are
perceived as "without-writing".
Tan Aik Lye Brian. Translocal Village Networks: A Study of the Lahu People in Northern Thailand. 2009
This thesis explored the translocal village networks of the Lahu people in Northern Thailand. The concept of the translocal village which was adapted from Appadurai's (1991) concept of translocalities was used to analyse four Lahu villages. Ethnographic techniques were used and a total of 40 interviews were conducted. I argued that through the production of translocal imageries, the maintenance of translocal flows and networks, and the (re)production of local, the villages extend beyond its physical boundaries and have become a more virtual translocality through its networks. Socio-spatial transformation at the villages is a result of developing translocal networks while retaining a sense of the original identity through the conservation and reproduction of a sense of the local. In this process of change, each individual, family and village community participate as subjects with varying degrees of agency who continue to live and create new contexts from the wide experiences of mobility and immobility.
Strassen, Carina Zur. Lahu Ethnicity And Meanings Of Social Space. Chiangmai University. 2007
The thesis proves that local people’s self-confidence can be effectively enhanced so as to
better participate in, and provide inputs for, multi-ethnic society construction. In realizing
short-comings and benefits of conventional implementation schemes, more appropriate
research and development approaches will be envisaged in conjunction with local
highland communities and their representative institutions.
Nishimoto, Yoichi. Northern Thai Christian Lahu narratives of inferiority : a study of social experience. Chiangmai University. 1998
In the long history of ethnic relations, in which the Lahu have had to face overwhelming powers of lowland majority groups, a peculiar form of narrative has been formed, which I call “Lahu narratives of their own people’s inferiority”. An analysis of the narratives reveals that behind the apparently negative self-definition there exists a positive perception of the people, too.
Free books about the Lahu.
Matisoff, James A. English-Lahu Lexicon.
Lahu is an important minority language of Southeast Asia, belonging to the Lolo-Burmese
subgroup of the Sino-Tibetan language family. It is spoken by over 500,000 people in China,
Burma, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam.
This English-Lahu Lexicon (ELL) is a computer-aided but manually edited "reversal" of the author's
monumental Lahu-English dictionary (The Dictionary of Lahu, UCPL #111, 1988, xxv + 1436 pp.).
ELL contains nearly 5400 head-entries and well over 10,000 carefully arranged subentries. Every
Lahu expression is provided with a form-class designation to indicate its grammatical function.
Eight useful Appendices (e.g. Plant and Animal Names) round out the volume's 450 pages.
books about the Lahu
Bibliography of the Lahu
nice book about the Lahu: Du Shanshan's "Chopsticks only work in
The Lahu Minority in Southwest China A Response to Ethnic Marginalization on the Frontier:
This book, based on extensive original research including long-term anthropological research among the Lahu, provides an overview of the traditional way of life of the Lahu, their social system, culture and beliefs, and discusses the ways in which these are changing. It shows how the Lahu are especially vulnerable because of their lack of political representatives.
R. Walker: Publications on the Lahu peoples 1968-2014:
A complete bibliography of one of the most interesting scholars researching
Lahu in the Art, art of the Lahu
China photo exhibitions
about the Lahu
Films and Video
Films about the Lahu: Some of the most interesting documentary films about the Lahu Nationality.
Image of the the Lahu in the cinema
to Lahu lands