The Mongolian people living in Xinjiang were formerly known as Oirat or Ojila. Their population is near 170.000 people. They are divided in three main tribes: The Zhungar tribe has been living in Xinjiang many centuries, the Turgut, that come back from the Volga River at the end of 18th century, and the Chahar tribe who moved from Inner Mongolia and Hebei province.
Legend of Mongolia (蒙古往事) is a fictionalized biography of Genghis Khan, the leader who united the fiercely independent tribes known today as the Mongols, thanks to his iron resolve, military savvy, shrewd alliances, and willingness to shed blood.
Kublai Khan commissioned the creation of a unified script for the vast Mongolian-controlled, multilingual Empire of the Great Khan (1271-1368), known in China as the Yuan Dynasty. To do the Khan’s bidding, Tibetan Lama Drogön Chögyal Phagpa extended his native Tibetan script to encompass the sounds of the empire’s disparate languages such as Turkic, Mongol, Chinese and Tibetan.
Folk medicine and formal medicine have long existed side by side in Mongolia, where the introduction of sophisticated science and culture was not followed by the immediate disappearance of popular native beliefs.
Chao Gejin.- Mongolian Oral Epic Poetry: An Overview. Oral Tradition, 12/2 (1997): 322-336
Mongolian tuuli, or epic poetry, the most important genre in Mongolian literary history, is a vast tradition of orally composed works...tuuli relates these nomadic peoples glorious past: their ideal heroesthe bravest hunters and herdsmenand their ideal world.
Yang Enhong.- A Comparative Study of the Singing Styles of Mongolian and Tibetan Geser/Gesar Artists. Oral Tradition, 13/2 (1998)
The epic King Geser has been in wide circulation in Chinese Inner Mongolian and Tibetan areas thanks to its continuous singing by generations of local artists. Because artists have brought their individual cultural contexts into it, the epic exhibits distinctive ethnic qualities in different places.
Fedotoff, Alexander.- Motif of Miraculous Birth in Mongolian and Korean Myths and epic.
Among a great variety of motifs which construct main mythic and epical characters I have chosen a motif of miraculous birth. This motifis connected with the idea of a special predestination, which is inherent to mythic narrative works, as well as to heroic epic and historical legends.
The subject of this paper are the changes in property rights systems in livestock and pastures in Western Mongolia in the post-socialist period. The aim is not to point at the contradiction of private herd ownership and communal grazing, or the superiority of private property rights.
Material on East Mongolian Shamanism
who were under Chinese influence also practised geomancy... divination
based on terrestrial color and shape was widely spread among the people.
Nassen-Bayer and kevin Stuart.- Mongol Creation Stories : Man, Mongol Tribes, the Natural World, and Mongol Deities
The translators introduce a loosely connected series of Mongol stories about the creation and the beginning of the world. The interest of the stories lies in particular with the parallels they offer to stories that are widely known in East Asia.
S. Ju. Nekljudov.- The Mechanisms of Epic Plot and the Mongolian Geseriad. Oral Tradition, 11/1 (1996): 133-143
The Geser epic, which came to Mongolia from Tibet underwent radical changes in the Mongols own tradition. Of the twelve main chapters familiar to us in the literary tradition of the Mongols, only five have Tibetan counterparts, and these also include a large number of plot schemes of Mongolian origin.
Epics: Typological Formation and Development. The academic
community has long noticed the resemblance between Mongolian and Turkic
epics. Some believe that the Mongols and the Turkic people share a narrative
tradition that accounts for their commonalities.
POLICY, PRIVATISATION AND NEW ECOLOGY IN
Free Thesis and dissertations:
Ganzorig Davaa-Ochir.- Oboo Worship: The Worship of Earth and Water Divinities in Mongolia. University of Oslo. 2008.
In this thesis I will discuss religious beliefs and practices related to oboo worship, from its construction as a shrine for local deities to the religious and political rituals associated with oboo worship. Oboo (ovoo in spoken Mongolian) means literally a cairn in Mongolian. This is a common stone structure that marks sacred places and travel routes or territorial boundaries in Inner Asia. The worship of oboo, i.e. sacred cairns, is currently one of the most widespread ritual practices in Mongolian popular religious life.
Free excerpts of books about the Mongols
Count of Lesdain.- The Mongol of Ordos in 1908 (From Pekin to Sikkin)
Free books about the Mongols
Abbott, Jacob.- Genghis Khan
Bibliography of the Mongols
China photo exhibitions
Films about the Mongols
Mongols in the art
to Mongols lands