The Tibetan Nationality

Name: Tibetan, Zang,

Population: 5,416,000

Localization: Tibet Autonomous Region, and adjacent areas in Yunnan, Sichuan, Qinghai and Gansu provinces.

Introductory articles

Fan Wen's Yunnan-Tibetan Trilogy: A Catholic Chinese Author's Imagination Takes Flight

At last author Fan Wen (范稳) has his reward for a decade of immersion in the multicultural wonderland along the Yunnan-Tibet border: Canticle to the Land (大地雅歌), the closing novel in his longish trilogy, has just been published in Chinese.

Scholars Researches available in the Web

- Tibetan and Himalayan Digital Library

With a vast amount of information in English, Chinese, Nepali, Tibetan and Dzongkha languages.

William Monroe Coleman.- Writing Tibetan History: The Discourses of Feudalism and Serfdom in Chinese and Western Historiography.

Research which does exist either focuses on the philosophical and religious traditions of Tibet, and is therefore not very useful for understanding socioeconomic relations in Tibet, or is saturated with overt political motivations and rhetoric, and thereby calls into question its credibility.

Guo Yang.- An Analysis of the Bilingual ism and Cultural Trends of China's Tibetan Ethnic Group

Based on retrospective look of the Tibetan ethnic history, this paper will argue that the historical events, social reforms, and the contacts among different ethnic groups are the motive force of the development of bilingualism;

Melvyn C. Goldstein.- Tibet, China and the United States: Reflections on the Tibet Question. (1995)

Tibet's political subordination to China, therefore, was repeatedly validated by the West throughout the first half of the 20th century, and particularly in the critical years during and immediately following World War II.

Li Lianrong.- History and the Tibetan Epic Gesar

Looking back on the achievements of half a century devoted to studying the Tibetan epic Gling rje Gesar rgyal povi mam tar (later Gesar), one finds a particular school of research whose province is the relationship between the epic and historical truth.

Daniel J. Miller.-The world of Tibetan Nomads

Nomads are still found on the Tibetan Plateau and in the Himalaya. Known in the Tibetan language as drokpa, translating as ‘high-pasture people’, there are an estimated two million Tibetan-speaking nomads spread over a vast area

Fernanda Pirie.- Feuding, Mediation and the Negotiation of Authority among the Nomads of Eastern Tibet. Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology

Before their occupation by China's Maoist forces in 1958, the nomads of Amdo formed segmentary tribal groups, whose relations were characterised by warfare, feuding and elaborate processes of mediation. In the 1980s, following a period of collectivisation, reforms allowed them substantially to re-create their tribal groups under new leadership

Tsering Shakya.- Introduction: The Development of Modern Tibetan Studies

The field of Tibetan studies had not previously dealt with Tibet as an evolving and contemporary
society. Although there had been great interest in Tibet in the West since at least the early nineteenth century, academic studies of Tibetan in Western universities began in earnest only in 1959.

Xie Jisheng.- The Mythology of Tibetan Mountain Gods: An Overview

There are countless high mountains in Tibet, and ancient Tibetans believed that gods resided on every one of them. The worship of mountain gods was one of the most important forms of nature worship among ancient Tibetans; it was fundamental to their entire belief system (In
Oral Tradition, 16/2 (2001))

Xu Bin.- The Application and Cultural Understanding of the Epic Gesar Images in Rites

Images are important materialized forms of the epic Gesar. G.N.Roerich from the former Soviet Union, a famous expert in Tibetan studies, in his article of The Epic Gesar of gLing, divided the images of the epic Gesar into two types according to their content. China Tibetology

Yang Enhong.- A Comparative Study of the Singing Styles of Mongolian and Tibetan Geser/Gesar Artists. Oral Tradition, 13/2 (1998)

The epic King Geser has been in wide circulation in Chinese Inner Mongolian and Tibetan areas thanks to its continuous singing by generations of local artists. Because artists have brought their individual cultural contexts into it, the epic exhibits distinctive ethnic qualities in different places.

Yang Enhong.- Tibetan Oral Epic. Oral Tradition, 18/1 (2003)

In the field of Tibetan oral epic studies there is concern over that fact that the tradition of King Gesar, which has been preserved among illiterate artists and audiences and handed down orally and aurally, has waned and could disappear from modern society.

Books about Tibet and the Tibetan people available online

Jorgen C. Aschoff.- Tibetan Medicine - Tibetische Medizin. Annotated Bibliography/ kommentierte Bibliographie. All Books and Articles, all Languages (except Tibetan original) from the year 1789 up to 1995

Sandra Benson.- Folktale Reader

Each of 14 lessons is devoted to a single Tibetan folktale that appears in English and Tibetan translation. The folktales progress in difficulty from an elementary level to a lower intermediate level. Lessons include a vocabulary list and various exercises.

Theos Bernard.- Penthouse Of The Gods A Pilgrimage Into The Heart Of Tibet And The Sacred City of Lhasa. Charles Scribner' s Sons, 1939

Isabella L. Bird.- Among the Tibetans

F.Grenard.- Tibet (1904)

Peter Fleming.- Bayonets To Lhasa. The First Full Account Of The British Invasion Of Tibet In 1904. Harper & Brothers, 1961


The incomparable yogi Tsong-Kha-Pa, popularly known as Je Rinpoche, was born in the province of Amdo, East Tibet, in the year 1357, fulfilling the prophesies of both Buddha Shakyamuni and Padmasambhava. The auspicious omens surrounding his birth indicated the appearance of a truly exceptional being.

Goldstein, Melvyn C.- The Snow Lion and the Dragon: China, Tibet, and the Dalai Lama. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

De Lesdain.- From Pekin To Sikkim Through The Ordos The Gobi Desert And Tibet (1908)

Jewett, Eleanore Myers.- Wonder tales from Tibet. Boston : Little, Brown, and company. 1922

These things give to the Wonder Tales from Tibet the appeal to the childhood of all times and all races, which is their reason for having lived so long and traveled so far, and reason, too, for believing they will hold the interest of our modern American girls and boys.

Li Fang-kuei.- Linguisticseast and west: American Indian, Sino-Tibetan, and Thai: oral history transcript. 1986

Frank Moraes.- The Revolt In Tibet (1960)

Hans Nordewin Von Koerber.- Morphology Of The Tibetan language. Suttonhouse, 1935

Henry O'Neill.- The travels of John Wryland, being an account of his journey to Tibet, of his founding a kingdom on the Island of Palti, and of his war against the Ne-ar-Bians.London International News, 1903

Eleanor Olson.- Tibetan Life And Culture. The Newark Museum Newark, New Jersey. 1960

Prinsep, Henry T. Tibet, Tartary and Mongolia: Their Social and Political Condition, and the Religion of Boodh as There Existing. London: Allen, 1852.

Rin Chen Rdo Rje. A Ngawa Tibetan Nomad Childhood. Asian Highlands Perspectives. Xining. 2011

I was born in a pastoral family in the autumn of 1986, in Rongrima Village, Hongyuan County, Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, PR China. When I was a child, my family lived in a 'four-column' wood house made using four poles placed in a rectangular configuration in the center of the home. Four shorter poles were behind the central columns. Four-pillar wood houses had flat roofs with several compartments, and had a skylight in the center that allowed light into the home and allowed smoke from the hearth to escape.

Rdo rje tshe brtan. A Tewo Tibetan Childhood. Asian Highlands Perspectives. Xining. 2011

Rdo rje tshe brtan (b. 1986) describes his childhood in Dredze Village, Yiwa Township, Tewo County, Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu Province, China, as well as being a student in Xining City, Qinghai Province. Topics covered include his family, childhood injuries and illnesses, education, Terang (malicious household deities), mountain deities and associated rituals and sacrifices, death, conflict with other locals, collecting local plants, a birth in the village, stealing fruit, a wedding, plowing, a visit to a hot spring, a lost yak, slaughtering pigs, and government confiscation of fields. Photos provide additional detail.

William Woodville Rockhill.- The life of the Buddha and the early history of his order, derived from Tibetan works in the Bkah-Hgyur and Bstan-Hgyur, followed by notices on the early history of Tibet and Khoten.

Schiefner, Anton.- Tibetan tales, derived from Indian sources. London, K. Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co. Ltd., 1906

But the legends and fables which the late Professor Schiefner has translated from the Kah-gyur are merely Tibetan versions of Sanskrit writings. No mention is made in them of those peculiarities of Tibetan Buddhism which have most struck the fancy of foreign observers.

Emil Schlagintweit.- Buddhism in Tibet. Illustrated by literary documents and objets of religious worship with an account of the Buddhism systems preceding it in India. 1863

Albert Leroy Shelton.- Pioneering in Tibet : a personal record of life and experience in mission fields, 1875-1922. 1921

A.L. Shelton.- Tibetan Folk Tales (1923)

Tshe dbang rdo rje, Allie Thomas, Kevin Stuart, dPal ldan bKra shis and 'Gyur med rgya mtsho (Editors).- Tibetan-English Folktales

The folktales in this book were collected by students in the 1997 and the 1998 English Teaching Training classes studying in the, at that time, Nationalities Department, Qinghai Normal University during summer and winter holidays.

Francis Kingdon Ward.- The Mystry Rivers Of Tibet.

A description of the little-known land where Asia's mightiest rivers gallop in harness through the narrow gateway of Tibet, its peoples, fauna, & flora

Francis Younghusband.- India And Tibet (1910)

Book Fragments about the Tibetan people

The Tibetans from Yunnan in 1917: as seen by Roy Chapman Andrews in Camps and Trails in China. "The Chinese become Tibetanized and the children of a Chinaman married to a Tibetan woman are usually brought up in the Tibetan customs."

Photo Exhibitions

Ethnic China photo exhibitions

- The Great Tibetans I (Greater than the buildings): Thousands of pilgrims, arrived from different places walked from the morning until night around the Potala Palace, the Jorkhand Temple or the perimeter of the Old City.

- The Great Tibetans I (Greater than the Potala Palace):

More Photo exhibitions


Tibetan Nationality music
A guide to download their music

Films and Video

Documentary Films about the Tibetan
Available dvds and vcds about the Tibetan
Image of the the Tibetan in the cinema

Art and Handicrafts

The Tibetan in the art

- Himalayan Art Resources

An online educational resource with over 30,000 images.

- Tibetans in the works of Pan Shixun: Links to the most important paintings of one of the most important Chinese artist whose artistic career is focused in the Tibetan people.


Travel to Tibetan lands: With the most interesting places inside the Tibet Autonomous Region and in the Tibetan areas of the neighbor provinces.

Tibetan style hotels in Lhasa: locally opened and managed hotels sometimes are in disadvantage, though most of them can provide the ethnic traveler with an incomparable travel experience.

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