Yao distribution is as wide as it scattered. Among the Yao there exist manifest mutual differences of language, social organization, customs and practices, religion and even costumes. According to these distinctions other people call them by different names while among the Yao themselves there exist dozens of different appellations. (Fei Xiaotong.- Fifty Years Investigation in the Yao Mountains)
Basic Facts about Yao Culture
Introductory Articles in Ethnic China
The Yao Nationality puzzle: The Yao are dispersed for all the provinces of South China and the neighboring countries.
branches of the Yao Nationality:
The Yao are extended in a wide area of Southeast Asia,
characteristically lived in small, widely-scattered communities
History of the Yao: They consider that Panhu is their ancestor. A mythical figure placed in the center of their most important myths.
Thoughts about the Yao history: further research on the historicity of the Pan Hu myth could unveil the nature and time of the first Yao contribution to the "royal court."
The religion of the Pai Yao: All these spirits originated in the human and animal world; because they think that after a person or an animal die his soul will become a spirit. It the dead were a good person the spirit will be a good one and a bad one if he was bad.
drum of the clan among the Balou Yao:
their economic and productive unity is symbolized in the psychological
realm by the bronze drum.
Different marriages of the Yao: there are different kinds of marriage, though all they have some common characteristics.
Free marriage of the Chasan Yao: Interesting folk ways of this branch of the Yao.
Academic Materials about the Yao
The Yao language
Iu-Mien is a language of the Hmong-Mien (formerly Miao-Yao) family spoken by the Iu-Mien people, the largest ethnic group within the Yao nationality.
G.B. Downer.- Strata of Chinese loanwords in the Mien dialect of Yao
Mien possesses many loans which have unmistakably ancient features which are in general not found among present-day Chinese dialects but which are known to have existed in the past.
Yao Mythology and religion
Claudio O. Delang.- Bamboo Paper Production and Religious Use by the Lanten Yao in Northern Lao PDR
This photo essay demonstrates the method of producing bamboo paper by the Lanten Yao in northern Lao PDR and discusses the roles of bamboo paper in religious ceremonies. While in the past bamboo paper is likely to have had several uses in Lanten society, the use of bamboo paper is now limited to religious activities, where it cannot be replace by any other material.
In the present paper, the author attempts to analyze a religious book of the Pai Yao which he collected in Jingkeng, Liannan during the period of his field study in the summer of 1986. Although the above Book, commonly called the Song-Gui Shu, or. literally, the Book for Driving-Away-Ghosts, is incomplete, it has been exclusively handed down by the Pai Yao as an invaluable part of their heritage
I try to add to our understanding of the relationship of the nature of the Yao community in the mountain-forest environment.
paper deals with Southeast Asian Hill People whom foreigners call Yao.
It concerns two dominant issues in anthropological discussions: recruitment
of matrifiliates to allegedly agnatic descent groups and circular connubium
in the Southeast Asian Highlands. I aim to demonstrate a functional relationship
between these two phenomena and adoption; that each practice is an aspect
of regional commerce.
baths are an important traditional way to prevent and cure common diseases
among the traditional Yao communities of Jinping County, Yunnan Province.
Having injured a local magistrate in an accident, he fled to live in Guangxi province amongst the Yao people.
Barend J. ter Haar.- A new interpretation of the Yao charters
The Charters present themselves as imperial writs and contain at least one or two narratives, which tell of the origins of the first Yao groups and legitimate their exemption from taxes and corvee labour.
The Yao in the present world
The dynamics of change as a consequence of commercialization of the arts of the Yao and Meo villagers and refugees of Thailand are comparatively examined within a general theoretical framework providing for multilinear artistic development.
Keiji Iwata.- Minority groups in northern Laos: especially the Yao
I will present some data on the Yao people in the village of Kaisou, their settlement patters, social organization, and religion, then I will show their contacts and interrelationship with the surrounding groups
The recent importance of sports competitions and cultural displays among highland ethnic minorities in Thailand suggests a growing resonance of national forms of sociability and presentability.
Lanten is a southern pronunciation of the standard Chinese word Landian that has become the usual ethnonym for the Mun group of Yao in China.
Takashi Masuno and Peter J. Mathews.- Ecological context and socio-economic changes in a Yao mountain village, northern Thailand.
In this paper we consider how Yao people reached northern Thailand, and why they have remained in the mountain areas.
A personal reflection on the way recent interest of anthropologists and other international media, is affecting the lives of the Ba Pai Yao.
This study aims at learning about traditional practices as a knowledge system of agro-biodiversity conservation of the Yao people. In addition, it also tries to refer to difficulties for the Yao people in conserving agricultural biodiversity in transition.
Tu Wen-jing and Mei Jin-ping.- The Investigation of Executive Condition of Minority Regions Special Education Policies: The Case of Duan Autonomous County. Chinese Business Review. Jan. 2007
The paper tries to take Duan autonomous county, Guangxi autonomous region as a case to analyze the problems in the executive process of minority regions special education policies, and gives the suggestion for the government to accelerate the education development of minority regions.
Thesis and dissertations
Nam, Yung, Jane.- A comparative study of Pai Yao and Han Chinese junior secondary school dropouts in Liannan Yao Autonomous County, Guangdong. 1996
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