|The Nosu (Yi from Liangshan) in Camps and Trails in China|
hunters were tall, handsome fellows led by a slender young chief with
patrician features who ruled his village like an autocrat with absolute
power of life and death. The Lolos are a strange people who at one time
probably occupied much of the region south of the Yangtze River but were
pushed south and west by the Chinese and, except in one instance, now
exist only in scattered units in the provinces of Guizhou and Yunnan.
the Lolos hold a vast territory which is absolutely closed to the Chinese
on pain of death and over which they exercise no control. Several expeditions
have been launched against the Lolos but all have ended in disaster.
Only a few
weeks before we arrived in Yunnan a number of Chinese soldiers butchered
nearly a hundred Lolos whom they had encountered outside the independent
territory, and in reprisal the Lolos burned several villages almost under
the walls of a fortified city in which were five hundred soldiers, massacred
all the men and boys, and carried off the women as slaves.
blood Lolos "are a very fine tall race, with comparatively fair complexions,
and often with straight features, suggesting a mixture of Mongolian with
some more straight-featured race. Their appearance marks them as closely
connected by race with the eastern Tibetans, the latter being, if anything,
rather the bigger men of the two." [Footnote: "Yunnan, the Link
between India and the Yangtze," by Major H.R. Davies, 1909, p. 389.]
They are great wanderers and over a very large part of Yunnan form the
bulk of the hill population, being the most numerous of all the non-Chinese
tribes in the province.
every race which has been conquered by the Chinese or has come into continual
contact with them for a few generations, the Lolos of Yunnan, where they
are in isolated villages, are being absorbed by the Chinese. We found,
as did Major Davies, that in some instances they were giving up their
language and beginning to talk Chinese even among themselves. The women
already had begun to tie up their feet in the Chinese fashion and even
disliked to be called Lolos.
we employed were living entirely by hunting and, although we found them
amiable enough, they were exceedingly independent. They preferred to hunt
alone, although they recognized what an increased chance for game our
high-power rifles gave them, and eventually left us while I was away on
a short trip, even though we still owed them considerable money.
are only one of the non-Chinese tribes of Yunnan. Major Davies has considered
this question in his valuable book to which I have already referred, and
I cannot do better than quote his remarks here.
AND TRAILS IN CHINA. A NARRATIVE OF EXPLORATION, ADVENTURE, AND SPORT
IN LITTLE-KNOWN CHINA BY ROY CHAPMAN ANDREWS, M.A. 1918
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